Prague Med. Rep. 2013, 114, 139-153

Novel Mutations in  the TAZ Gene in  Patients with Barth Syndrome

S. Mazurová1, M. Tesařová1, M. Magner1, H. Houšťková2, H. Hansíková1, J. Augustínová1, V. Tomek3,  A. Vondráčková1, J. Zeman1, Tomáš Honzík1,*

1Department of Pediatrics and  Adolescent Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in  Prague and General University Hospital in  Prague, Prague, Czech Republic
2Department of Pediatrics, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in  Prague and Thomayer Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic
3Children’s Heart Center, University Hospital Motol, Prague, Czech Republic

Barth syndrome is an X-linked recessive disorder that is caused by mutations in  Taffazin gene (TAZ), leading to severe cardiolipin deficiency which results in respiratory chain dysfunction. Barth syndrome is characterized by cardiomyopathy, neutropenia, skeletal myopathy, growth deficiency and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. In  this paper, we present clinical, biochemical and molecular data of the first four Czech patients from four unrelated families diagnosed with this rare disease. The mean age of onset was 5.5 ± 3.8 months. One child suffered from sudden cardiac death at the age of 2 years, the age of living patients is between 3 and 13 years. Muscle hypotonia was present in  all four patients; cardiomyopathy and growth retardation in  three and neutropenia in  two of them. Two patients manifested a dilated and one patient a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. A characteristic laboratory abnormality was the intermittently increased excretion of 3-methylglutaconic acid. Three novel hemizygous mutations in  the TAZ gene were found (c.584G>T; c.109+6T>C; c.86G>A). We conclude that Barth syndrome should be included in differential diagnosis of cardiomyopathy in  childhood, especially in  the co-occurrence of dilated cardiomyopathy and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria.


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